The development of two field-ready reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification assays for the rapid detection of Seneca Valley virus 1.
Seneca Valley virus 1 (SVV-1) has been associated with vesicular disease in swine, with clinical signs indistinguishable from those of other notifiable vesicular diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease. Rapid and accurate detection of SVV-1 is central to confirm the disease causing agent, and to initiate the implementation of control processes. The development of rapid, cost-effective diagnostic assays that can be used at the point of sample collection has been identified as a gap in preparedness for the control of SVV-1. This study describes the development and bench validation of two reverse transcription loop-mediated amplification (RT-LAMP) assays targeting the 5′-untranslated region (5′-UTR) and the VP3-1 region for the detection of SVV-1 that may be performed at the point of sample collection. Both assays were able to demonstrate amplification of all neat samples diluted 1/100 in negative pig epithelium tissue suspension within 8 min, when RNA was extracted prior to the RT-LAMP assay, and no amplification was observed for the other viruses tested. Simple sample preparation methods using lyophilized reagents were investigated, to negate the requirement for RNA extraction. Only a small delay in the time to amplification was observed for these lyophilized reagents, with a time from sample receipt to amplification achieved within 12 min. Although diagnostic validation is recommended, these RT-LAMP assays are highly sensitive and specific, with the potential to be a useful tool in the rapid diagnosis of SVV-1 in the field.