Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract Full Text

Introduction and phytochemical analysis of medicinal and aromatic plants in Vytautas Magnus University 1924-2018.

Abstract

Medicinal (aromatic) plants (MAPs) are playing an important role for the solution of World Health Organization Problem Health for everyone in 21st Century. In Lithuania, since 1924 until, medicinal plants collections have been developed in the Sector of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Botanical Garden at Vytautas Magnus University (SMAPs BG VMU). In Europe unique collection of MAPs is a base for scientific research, project-based activities, national and international studies and the object of public education. The topics and tendencies of the research on medicinal herbs have varied since that time quite a lot. Collections of medicinal plants are still an important constituent and object of the phytochemical scientific research process. The methods of chemical investigations have been changing during the distinct research periods (1st - 1924-1949, 2nd - 1949-1984, 3rd - 1984-1999, 4th - 1999-2018). The main objective of research is the introduction and phytochemical investigation of MAPs. Biodiversity of plant resources, scarce information on biologically active compounds and their properties in many species including those naturally growing in Lithuania or introduced, as well as increasing demand for natural food, food supplements and homeopathic medicine have been the main motivation aspects of the ongoing study. MAPs are sources of raw materials, required in pharmacy and phytotherapy are a part of genetic resources of Lithuania. Phenological observation, phytochemical investigation of raw material of MAPs from SMAPs BG VMU revealed that new species from foreign and local flora can be successfully introduced in Lithuania. Lithuania has good growing conditions for a great variety of MAPs.