Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

A novel interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 from thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus is involved in inflammatory response.

Abstract

Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 (IRAK4) is considered as the most upstream kinase of IRAKs and plays a vital role in Toll-like receptor/Interleukin-1 receptor (TLR/IL-1R) signal transduction. In the present study, IRAK4 from thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus (McIRAK4) was identified and characterized. McIRAK4 showed the most similarity to its counterparts in bivalves. The conserved death domain (DD) and catalytic domain of serine/threonine kinases (STKc) were predicted in all examined IRAK4s. McIRAK4 transcripts were constitutively expressed in all examined tissues with the higher expression level in immune related tissues, and were significantly induced in haemocytes upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) challenge. Further, the expression of McIRAK4 was obviously repressed by dsRNA mediated RNA interference (RNAi), meanwhile the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL17 were down-regulated while the antiinflammatory cytokine TGF-β was up-regulated. Additionally, McIRAK4 showed a global cytoplasmic localization in HEK293T cells through fluorescence microscopy. These results collectively indicated that McIRAK4 is one member of IRAK4 subfamily and might play the potential signal transducer role in inflammatory response. The present study provides supplement for TLR-mediated signaling pathway triggered by pathogenic invasions in thick shell mussel, and contributes to the clarification of the innate immune response in molluscs.