Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Effect of sharpness angle and feeding speed on the surface roughness during milling of various wood species.

Abstract

The article presents research on the effect of the sharpness angle on the quality of machined surface of native wood species (pine, beech, and black locust) and an exotic species called iroko. Four sharpness angle values were analyzed at 25, 40, 45, and 55°. The experiment was conducted on a bottom-spindle milling machine, with a constant spindle rotational speed (6000 min-1) and four feeding speeds of 3.2, 8.3, 12.5, and 16.7 m/min. The influence of sharpness angle, feeding speed, and wood species on the quality of machined surface of wood was determined. The optimum ranges of the sharpness angle were established with respect to wood surface quality. The surface roughness of the samples decreased with decreasing in the sharpness angle in range of 55° to 40°. The optimal value of the angle was 40°, and the roughness increased with increasing feeding speed. It was found that an increase in wood density decreased surface roughness.