Efficacy of insecticides against Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, 1797).
The Brazil's economy is supported by agribusiness, however, the continuous cycle of food production and favorable climate contributes to the incidence of pest insects all year round. The fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, 1797) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is considered the main insect in the corn crop, due to voracity of the caterpillars and occurrence throughout the crop cycle. Therefore, the chemical control has been demanded considerably, causing emergence of populations resistant to the different products, as well as implications in the environment. Thus, studies are needed to evaluate the efficiency of chemical insecticide control according to the susceptibility and the stages of biological development of the pest. The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of isolated and combined insecticides for the control of S. frugiperda caterpillars under laboratory conditions. In the residual and direct contact bioassays, 8 treatments with 5 replications were used in a completely randomized design, performed with 2nd and 5th instar. The results showed that by residual contact after 72 hours, clofenapir+zeta-cypermethrin treatment had 100% efficacy in the mortality of both instars. When applied via direct contact 72 hours later, the combined treatments showed an efficiency above 80%. However, for an integrated pest management program, where it was recommended the association of different control tactics, the management of insecticides with clofenapir+zeta-cypermethrin was effective with 100% control efficiency in both instars.