Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The status of the parrot trade from tropical forests to Turkey.

Abstract

Parrots are birds that naturally spread in the tropical regions of the world. International trade is carried out according to the CITES Convention. 135 parrot species were imported and 40 parrot species were re-exported between 1982 and 2016 in Turkey. Two of these exotic species have started to spread and established breeding populations in wild in Turkey. Nine species have been monitored in wild as cage escapes. Establishing breeding populations of alien species in the country is undesirable because alien species can have adverse effects on the resident species of the countries. The sale of the Rose ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) and the Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)'s as cage birds must be banned to prevent the expansion of their spread because they have established breeding populations in Turkey. Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is the most imported and exported species in Turkey. Very high number of individuals in some species which were imported to Turkey have been detected. It is known that the populations of these species have decreased in the regions where their natural distribution areas. Therefore, Turkey should implement quotas and restrictions based on species in the parrot trade.