Floristic composition in the agroecological farm of Zamorano, Honduras: an experience of the learning by doing program.
The Zamorano agroecological farm is located in the valley of Yeguare and is managed by the Escuela Agrícola Panamericana, Zamorano. This farm aims to replicate an agroecological system that guarantees its structure, operation, and biodiversity. The objective of this study was to determine the floristic composition of the Zamorano agroecological farm and identify the species of ecological and economic importance, as well as the state of conservation of species. Two hundred and ten species belonging to 53 families were collected and identified, with the most common families being in the Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Malvaceae. Eighty-six percent of the registered species are native to Zamorano. In addition, very few introduced species were identified, mostly herbs and trees of economic importance. The most common species are: Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., Quercus oleoides Schltdl. & Cham., Luehea candida Moç & Sessé ex DC. Mart., Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg., Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir., Verbesina punctata Robins. & Greenm, and Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. Based on the list, only seven species are in the category of minor attention according to the red list of IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature) and two species of orchids in the list CITES (The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). The Zamorano agroecological farm offers economic potential with the registration of species for medicinal, timber and edible use. In addition, this floristic study is considered a tool for the elaboration of the management plan for the farm.