Recovery plan for laurel wilt of avocado, caused by Raffaelea lauricola.
Laurel wilt (Raffaelea lauricola) kills American members of the Lauraceae plant family, including avocado (Persea americana). The disease threatens commercial production in the USA and other countries and currently impacts the avocado industry in Florida. As laurel wilt spreads, the National Germplasm Repository for avocado in Miami (USDA-ARS) and commercial and residential production in other states (California and Hawaii), US protectorates (Puerto Rico) and other countries are at risk. In the USA, value-added production of avocado of more than $1.3 billion/year is threatened. This recovery plan was produced as part of the National Plant Disease Recovery System, called for in Homeland Security Presidential Directive Number 9 to insure that the tools, infrastructure, communication networks and capacity required to mitigate the impact of high-consequence plant disease outbreaks are such that a reasonable level of crop production is maintained. It is intended to provide a brief primer on the disease, assess the status of critical recovery components and identify disease management research, extension and education needs.