First report of Lasiodiplodia brasiliense causing disease in apple trees in Brazil.
Cankers, dieback and eventual plant death were observed in 2-year-old apple cv. Eva trees in Paraipaba county, Ceará, Brazil, in 2015. The causal pathogen was isolated and identified as Lasiodiplodia brasiliensis based on morphological, molecular and pathogenicity analyses. The obtained sequences were deposited in GenBank with accession numbers KY696839 (ITS), KY711350 (TUB2) and KY711351 (EF1-α). This is thought to be the first report of L. brasiliensis causing stem canker and dieback on apple trees in Brazil.