Forest and woodland restoration for wildlife.
This paper provides a brief discussion of three studies on forest and woodland restoration for wildlife. One is the two-year research at Hong Kong University on seed dispersal by birds and fruit bats in the previously deforested hillsides where forests are now regenerating with protection under the Country Parks system (a system itself recently under threat). Another is a sabbatical project at Hutan Harapan in Sumatra, Indonesia, a joint initiative of Burung Indonesia, Birdlife International and RSPB. The RSPB and local Harapan staff are researching how silvicultural methods, such as thinning out abundant and invasive pioneer trees, can help restore this area and accelerate its recovery to something like the original forest. Lastly, is the RSPB launched pilot project known as The East Midlands Woodland Bird (or Biodiversity) Project, in partnership with Forestry Commission (the UK government body responsible for forestry) and the wildlife non-governmental organizations (NGOs) Plantlife, Butterfly Conservation and Bat Conservation Trust. The project aimed to help woodland owners manage their woods through accessing English Woodland Grant Scheme options, the then agri-environment scheme offered by Forestry Commission through European Union funding.