Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract Full Text

Product and market service evaluation for wild animals raised as pet in Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Abstract

The market of wild animals is steadily growing. The search for wild animals has attracted many consumers leading to the increase in demand for products, equipment and services specific to these species. This study was conducted to evaluate the suppliers or bidders, and product and market services available for wild animals in Belem, Para, Brazil. The study was comprised of two stages. The fist stage was a survey conducted in Junta Comercial do Estado do Para (JUCEPA) for the identification of breeders, pet shops and other establishments that sell animals, feeds, accessories and services involved in wild animals. The second stage was performed by giving out questionnaires to the owners of establishments identified in JUCEPA. The questionnaires were structured in order to determine the profile of the suppliers or bidders and characteristics of the products and services offered. A total of 55 establishments, including 18 districts in the town were used in the study. 20 of the visited places were given questionnaires regarding their marketed products or sevices for wild animals. Results revealed that 70, 15, 10 and 5% of the establishments interviewed were pet shops, veterinary clinics, veterinary food stores and medical associations and pet stores, respectively. The services offered to wild and exotic animals in these establishments, in decreasing order of occurrence were: clinical care (26.09%), examinations (21.74%), nutritional guidance (17.39%), vaccines (13.04 %), cutting feathers and nails (13.04%), management orientation (4.35%) and sex determination by DNA for birds (4.35%). The services offered still lacked specific guidelines on the product and market services which resulted to low market dynamism. Other factors which contributed to low market dynamism were wrong information and ignorance of the profile of consumers by the suppliers or bidders. It is suggested that increase disclosure and provision of services and products that meet consumer demands, and dissemination of precise information on the legal aspects of wildlife trade can be used to address low market dynamism.