Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Attribution of Bax and mitochondrial permeability transition pore on cantharidin-induced apoptosis of Sf9 cells.

Abstract

To investigate the insecticidal mechanism of cantharidin, a promising biological pesticide substance from blister beetle, on Sf9 cells, a cultured cell line derived from fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, we preliminary studied the attribution of Bax channel and mitochondrial permeability transition pore on cantharidin-induced mitochondrial apoptosis signal pathway. Changes in cell morphology, activity of mitochondrial dehydrogenases, release of cytochrome C and mitochondrial transmembrane potential were detected when the two channels were blocked by specific inhibitors, Bax channel blocker and cyclosporin A. Results showed that cantharidin-induced apoptotic features, including changes in the cell morphology, release of cytochrome C and decrease in mitochondrial transmembrane potential could be significantly inhibited by Bax channel blocker, while cyclosporin A accelerated the downward trend of mitochondrial dehydrogenases activity and caused a decrease of Ca2+ in mitochondria. In summary, Bax might be necessary but not exclusively for the apoptosis induced by cantharidin and the attribution of these channels seems to be more complexity.