Management of rugose spiraling whitefly (Aleurodicus rugioperculatus) in the South Florida landscape.
Rugose spiraling whitefly (Aleurodicus rugioperculatus) is an invasive species discovered in Florida in 2009. This species feeds on many plant species but in the South Florida landscape it has been commonly found on gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba), giant white bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai), Calophyllum spp., black olive (Bucida buceras), coconut (Cocos nucifera), and avocado (Persea americana). Currently, the management of this whitefly in urban settings is heavily reliant on systemic insecticides. Other control methods include natural enemies to keep the whitefly population at low levels. In this paper, the natural enemies of rugose spiraling whitefly will be reviewed and the possibility of combining systemic insecticides and biological control will be discussed.