Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Complete mitochondrial genome of the spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae).

Abstract

The spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is an Asian species introduced into North America and Europe. It damages a wide variety of thin-skinned fruits. We sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) to better understand the mitogenomic characteristics of this species. The 16 230-bp complete mitogenome of the species consists of a typical set of genes, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two rRNA genes and 22 tRNA genes, and one major non-coding A+T-rich region, with an arrangement typical of insects. Twelve PCGs began with the typical ATN codon, whereas the COI began with TCG, which has been designated as the start codon for other Drosophila species. The 1525-bp A+T-rich region is the second longest in Drosophila species for which the whole mitogenome has been sequenced, after D. melanogaster. Phylogenetic analysis using the 13 PCGs of the Drosophila species indicated that D. suzukii is placed, with a strong support, in the basal lineage of the previously defined Melanogaster group.