Clinical evaluation of general anesthesia with ketamine in mixture with xylazine, diazepam or midazolam in hedgehogs.
The aim of this study was clinical evaluation of anesthesia by intramuscular administration of ketamine combined with xylazine, diazepam and midazolam in hedgehogs. Seven hedgehogs were anesthetized by intramuscular (IM) administration of ketamine-xylazine (KX group), ketaminediazepam (KD group) and ketamine-midazolam (KM group) with an interval of one week. The stages of anesthesia (induction time of anesthesia, the maintenance and recovery time) were measured and recorded. Data analyses showed that induction time and maintenance of anesthesia have not significant difference between all protocols P>0.05. Complete recovery time from anesthesia in KM group was longer than KX and KD groups p<0.05. The results of this study showed that three of anesthesia methods could be used for general anesthesia in hedgehogs if they are available easily but it must be attend to longer recovery time of KM. However, choice of suitable anesthesia method is depending on work type (blood sampling, isolate parasites, minor surgery).