Invasive Species Compendium

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Identification of plants in the 1584 murals of the Casa del Deán, Puebla, México.


The murals in the Casa del Dean in Puebla, Mexico completed in 1584 by anonymous indigenous artists contain many plant illustrations in friezes including plants indigenous to Mexico as well as European plants. Five species native to New Spain (Iris fulva, Mentzelia hispida, Prunus mexicana, Prunus serotina subsp. capuli, and Symphoria globulifera) and three species introduced from Europe (Punica granatum, Rosa damascena 'Semperflorens', and Vitis vinifera) were identified. A number of fantasy or nebulous plants are recognized.