New xenophytes from the Canary Islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain).
Recent fieldwork in Gran Canaria and Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), mostly between 2012 and 2016, yielded new chorological data for several non-native vascular plant species. The following are considered naturalized and/or potentially invasive: Callistemon viminalis, Casuarina glauca, Chloris barbata, Cyperus difformis, Eucalyptus gomphocephala, E. sideroxylon, Nephrolepis cordifolia, Rumex palustris, Senna × artemisioides (s.l.) and S. × floribunda and are reported for the first time from the Canary Islands. Other first records include: Cascabela thevetia (Tenerife), Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Gran Canaria), Digitaria radicosa (Gran Canaria, Tenerife), Dysphania anthelmintica (Tenerife), Erythrostemon gilliesii (Tenerife), Heliotropium supinum (Tenerife), Limoniastrum monopetalum (Tenerife), Nerium oleander (Tenerife), Pascalia glauca (Tenerife), Phytolacca americana (Tenerife), Podranea ricasoliana (Gran Canaria), Psidium guajava (Gran Canaria), Rumex cristatus (Tenerife), Schinus terebinthifolia (Tenerife), Solandra maxima (Tenerife), Tipuana tipu (Tenerife) and Youngia japonica (Gran Canaria). More than 20 additional taxa also represent chorological novelties but are considered ephemerals. Finally, miscellaneous notes are added for Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia, Eclipta prostrata, Pluchea carolinensis, Prosopis juliflora and Sida rhombifolia from Gran Canaria.