Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Floristic survey of the Municipal Natural Park Morro da Pescaria, Guarapari, Espírito Santo.

Abstract

The Municipal Natural Park Morro da Pescaria, located in Guarapari, Espírito Santo, is a protected area on rock outcrop, with an area of 73 ha and vegetation Lowland Dense Ombrophilous Forest and Restinga. The aim of this study was to inventory the flora, with the specific purpose of identify endemic, endangered and exotic species, as well as weeds, and also perform a soil analysis. The material collected was deposited in the Herbarium VIES. A total of 233 taxa belonging to 69 families were identified. Of these, 47.83% were represented by a single species, 29.98% for two or three, and 23.19% for four or more species. The most representative families were Fabaceae, Asteraceae and Malvaceae; genus with greater richness were Croton L. and Sida L.; the most representative habit was herbaceous and vegetal formation with the highest number of species was the Dense Ombrophilous Forest. Two endemic species of Espírito Santo were observed: Abarema barnebyana Iganci & M.P.Morim and Clusia spiritu-sanctensis Mariz & Weinberg. Amongst the species, 31,3% are endemic to Brazil. The endangered in Espírito Santo are Pseudolaelia vellozicola (Hoehne) Porto e Brade, Stromanthe schottiana Eichler and Jacquinia armillaris Jacq.; and in Brazil are Stigmaphyllon vitifolium A.Juss and Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) Moore. These plants with others with restricted occurrence show the importance of the Park and reinforces the need for its conservation. The pedological analysis showed a dystrophic soil, that is acidic, low in organic matter and low base saturation.