Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Tyramides in male alates of black imported fire ants Solenopsis richteri.

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study, where 5 tyramides were identified and quantified in the black imported fire ant S. richteri male alates. In addition to 2 tyramides that were reported in S. invicta, N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)butanamide, N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl)pentanamide and N-(4-hydroxyphenethyl) octanamide were also found in S. richteri males. More research is warranted to identify the details of their biological functions in reproductive biology of both males and queens.