A new variety and a new record of Puccinia from China.
Two rust taxa of Puccinia collected from Inner Mongolia, China are reported. Puccinia miyoshiana var. spodiopogonis on Spodiopogon sibiricus is described as new variety, and Puccinia microsphincta on Carum buriaticum is recorded as new record to China. Morphological descriptions and illustrations are provided based on Inner Mongolian collections. The collections are deposited in the Mycological Herbarium of Chifeng University, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia, China (CFSZ), and the Herbarium Mycologicum Academiae Sinicae, Beijing, China (HMAS).