Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Transformations and tasks designer for preservation as well as shaping aesthetical and forest surroundings of the Parkowa Mountain in Krynica-zdrój.

Abstract

The paper concerns historical and economic transformations of the forest park established in ca. 1810 in Krynica, playing an exceptional role for the entire health resort. The park mostly covers former boulder fields (pastures) on the slopes of the Parkowa Mountain, afforested with spruce, lying in the closest neighbourhood of the present town centre. The introduced monocultures failed to prove their usefulness as the surroundings of the health resort (protection of mineral water sources, therapeutic functions), thus they required transformation of species composition and diversification of the forest form. The park transformation was commenced over 80 years ago and it has been carried on until present. According to the old, but still actual concept of forest management (as proposed by E. Chodzicki), the style of the park is characterised by naturalness, i.e. preserving the typical traits of mountain forest, and consequently, maintaining harmony with the landscape in a proper manner. Nowadays, a new felling system has been proposed for the park: a landscape irregular shelterwood system. Its most significant tasks are related to the so-called aesthetic and forest framing, represented by architectural and natural accents, such as introduced, non-indigenous species and the idea of shaping the most naturalistic forest compositions, beautiful and useful, in terms of biological and cultural roles they play.