The Sphingidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera) in Feng-Huang Nature Education Area, Experimental Forest, NTU.
Sphingids are a family of moth with moderate to large size. The behavior of its larvae and imago are suitable for education and also for promoting observation of moths. In this study, diversity changes of sphingids in different seasons were observed, and the ecological regular monthly survey has been done. During the studying period (November 2013 to October 2014), mercury lamps are used to attract Sphingids, which resulted in 20 genera and 29 species with a total of 61 individual found. After a year survey, 39.3 percent of sphingids are active in spring (March to May) and 42.6 percent in summer (June to August). Therefore, this study assumed that spring and summer are the major active seasons for sphingids. During this study period, Acosmeryx castanea, Cechenena minor, Marumba cristata and Parum colligata appeared the most, and the appearance of them covered two to three seasons, it could be identified as the major species of Feng-Huang Nature Education Area. Further, the check list of host plants of sphingids was also provided. For these plants, exotic species and native species accounted for roughly equal proportion. Mostly belong to positive species or forest edge plants on earlier succession of plant communities, and few moths feeding on late successional plants.