The complete mitochondrial genome of the invasive Africanized honey bee, Apis mellifera scutellata (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae).
The complete mitochondrial genome from an Africanized honey bee population (AHB, derived from Apis mellifera scutellata) was assembled and analyzed. The mitogenome is 16,411 bp long and contains the same gene repertoire and gene order as the European honey bee (13 protein coding genes, 22 tRNA genes and 2 rRNA genes). ND4 appears to use an alternate start codon and the long rRNA gene is 48 bp shorter in AHB due to a deletion in a terminal AT dinucleotide repeat. The dihydrouracil arm is missing from tRNA-Ser (AGN) and tRNA-Glu is missing the TV loop. The A+T content is comparable to the European honey bee (84.7%), which increases to 95% for the 3rd position in the protein coding genes.