Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Mimosa pudica Linn.: the garden weed with therapeutic properties.

Abstract

Mimosa pudica is a commonly found weed which is easily dismissed as an invasive plant. Despite its inferior status, M. pudica has a significant history in several traditional medicinal systems as a potent therapeutic agent possessing antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. In terms of diseases, it has been traditionally used for the prevention and control of diabetes and cancer as well as their prevailing complications. Several terpenoids, flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, quinines, phenols, tannins, saponins, and coumarins have been identified in all plants of the plant. In particular, mimosine - an amine containing anti-cancer properties - has been identified in abundance in the plant extracts. Given the need for plants as well as their bioactive compounds of ethno-botanical significance displaying a complete range of biological activities, M. pudica can be easily highlighted as a plant material of interest which warrants further clinical investigation.