Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Tree and shrub vegetation of arboretum of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University.

Abstract

It is realized the dendroflora analysis of the scientific and academic arboretum of Melitopol State Pedagogical University named by Bogdan Khmelnitsky and on the basis is treated the recommendations of the range formation of woody plants for Melitopol landscaping. In a stable and continuity culture is 78 species of gymnosperm (Pinophyta) and angiosperm (Magnoliophyta) departments, which are belonging to 53 genuses from 29 kinds. Leading position in the denroflora arboretum structure occupies pink kind (Rosaceae), which consists of 14 species (18%). Second place takes up to the olives kind (Oleaceae) - 8 species (10, 3%). In third place is willow kind (Salicaceae) - 7 species (9%). Fourth and fifth places in the spectrum of leading families is occupied by kinds representatives of maple (Aceraceae) and honeysuckle (Caprifoliaceae) - 5 species (6.4%). Dendroflora analysis at the genus level allows us to conclude that the leading genera are poplar (Populus L.) and maple (Acer L.) - 5 species. Among the 78 studied species, 20 - is the local native flora species, 20 species introduced from North America, from which 5 species belong to the gymnosperm department and 15 - are separated angiosperms. Else 10 species is origined from Asia, 8 species - from China, 4 species is introduced from the Mediterranean, 2 - from Japan. At one species represented by immigrants from Iran, Greece, the Balkans and the Middle East. A large group of plants introduced from the Caucasus. The majority of occurring tree species are light-requiring, undemanding to the soil, drought tolerant. The arboretum dendroflora analysis is shown that two species are protected - evergreen boxwood (Buxus sempervirens L.), fruit yew (Taxus baccata L.) and three relic plants - fruit yew (Taxus baccata L.), japanian Kerry (Kerria japonica L.), ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo biloba L.). It is listed the recommended range of woody plants for landscaping Melitopol, which includes 13 species.