Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract Full Text

Host range studies for yellow mosaic virus (YMV) infecting pulses.

Abstract

Pulses and grain legumes are major sources of dietary protein. These crops are subjected to yellow mosaic and golden mosaic diseases caused by whitefly transmitted Gemini viruses (WTG's or begomovirus). Of these viruses, mungbean yellow mosaic India virus (MYMIV) is an important one. The virus reported from India is not mechanically transmitted but has been transmitted by the whitefly vector (Bemisia tabaci), not only to several species in the leguminosae but also to several weed species. Weeds may infect crops and those weeds may serve as a reservoir for crop-infecting geminiviruses. To investigate the potential begomoviral infection, infected weed samples were collected from the location of RARS, Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh. In the present report we identified a begomovirus infecting weeds like Sonchus arvensis, Acalifa indica, Acalifa celiyata, Hemidesmus indicus, Rincozia minima, Carchorus olitorius, Crotton sparsiflorus, Tephrosia purpurea, Cida acuta, Aciranthes aspira, Carchorus trilocularis, Indigo species, Alysicarpus rugosus, Commilena benalensis, Boerhavia erecta, Cida rhombifolia, Rhincozia capiteta, Crossandra, Hyptis saveolensis, Euphorbia hirta, Abutilon indicum, Phyllanthus niruri, Lantana camera, Acathosperum hispidum, Pedalium murex, Passiflora foetida, Vicia faba, Tridox procumbens, Vernonia cenraria, Digeria arvensis, Coccinia species, Euphorbia geniculata, Ageratum conyzoides, Duranta, Vigna trilobata, Andrographis echioids, Parthenium hysterophorus, Corchorus aestuans, Cleoma species, Trichodesma indicum, Ziziphus, Jatropha, calotrophis and Macroptilium.