Efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl (Bion®) treatment of Australian commercial passionfruit, Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa, on resistance to Passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV) and activities of chitinase & β-1,3-glucanase.
This greenhouse study investigated the efficacy of acibenzolar-S-methyl (Bion®) treatment of lower leaves of passionfruit, (Passiflora edulis f. sp. flavicarpa), on Passionfruit woodiness disease and activities of two pathogenesis-related proteins, chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase after inoculation with passionfruit woodiness virus (PWV). All Bion® concentrations reduced disease symptoms, but the concentration of 0.025 g active ingredient (a.i.)/l was the most effective, reducing disease severity in systemic leaves by 23, 29 and 30% compared with water-treated controls at 30, 40 and 50 days post inoculation (dpi) with PWV, respectively. Correspondingly, relative virus concentration as determined by DAS-ELISA in the upper, untreated leaves (new growth) above the site of inoculation at 50 dpi was reduced by 17 and 22% in plants treated with 0.025 and 0.05 g a.i./l, respectively. Bion® treatment and subsequent inoculation with PWV increased chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase activities in the new leaves above the site of inoculation at 30 dpi with PWV. It was concluded that optimal protective Bion® treatment concentrations were 0.025 and 0.05 g a.i./l.