First report of Meloidogyne enterolobii on hot pepper in China.
In March 2014, hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants growing in a commercial field in Yuanmou County, Yunnan, China, were observed with stunted growth and yellowing leaves. Examination of root systems of symptomatic plants revealed the presence of heavily galled and rotting roots similar to damage caused by root knot nematodes. The causal organism was identified as Meloidogyne enterolobii based on morphological, molecular (ITS) and esterase and malate dehydrogenase isoenzyme phenotyping analyses. This is thought to be the first report of M. enterolobii parasitizing hot pepper in Yunnan, China.