Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Comments on the presence of tuberculosis in animals except bovine tuberculosis in cattle in Germany: findings from 2002-2014.

Abstract

In many federal states tuberculosis has sporadically been detected over the years in livestock, companion animals, zoo animals and wildlife. The present report summarizes cases which have been processed in the national veterinary reference laboratory for tuberculosis between 2002 and 2014. Furthermore, tuberculosis in red deer in Bavaria is mentioned. Bovine tuberculosis in cattle is excluded from these considerations. Mycobacterium (M.) bovis was detected twice in swine, in two cats, a psittacid bird, twice in wild boar and in different animal species in one animal park and two zoos. Red deer was identified as wildlife reservoir for M. caprae in the alpine region. Furthermore, M. caprae was isolated from one sheep and one pig. M. microti, the primary causative agent for tuberculosis in wild rodents was isolated from free ranging carnivorous and omnivorous animal species (marten, raccoon, fox, badger, wild boar) as well as four domestic cats having access to natural environment, furthermore in one domestic pig and different exotic species, e. g. squirrel monkey, coati, tapir and llama. M. pinnipedii, causing tuberculosis primarily in seals, was isolated in a zoological garden over several years from seals and other zoo animal species (camel, tapir). M. tuberculosis was isolated from a dog, a parakeet, a pony, an Asian elephant and a pig kept on a cattle farm with tuberculin skin test-positive cattle. The suspicion was confirmed in most cases by isolation of the pathogen post mortem.