An ethnobotanical study on current status of some medicinal plants used in Bulgaria.
The present study represents a part of a wider ethnobotanical survey conducted in different localities of Bulgaria during May-July 2013. The survey was carried out with 255 people by using the face-to-face interview technique. The participants were asked: (1) to list five used by them medicinal plants (excluding Achillea millefolium, Hypericum perforatum, Thymus sp., Melissa officinalis L., Origanum vulgare L.) and (2) to present a detailed information about local names of plants listed, ethnobotanical use and the mode of use. Totally, 62 plant species were listed by respondents. Bulgarian botanical taxa cited included 49 plant taxa from 26 plant families. Most cited families were Lamiaceae (9 species), Asteraceae (7 species) and Rosaceae (5 species). The most frequently reported plants are Calendula officinalis L., Tilia sp, Mentha sp., Rosa sp., Crataegus monogyna Jacq., Cotinus coggygria Scop., Sambucus nigra L., Urtica dioica L., Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert. These herbs are used mainly for disease treatment and prevention. The abundant information about Bulgarian botanical taxa reported by the participants in this study is an evidence for the existence of local knowledge of folk medicine in Bulgaria. At the same time, the interest and use of non-native plants display the impact of globalization and socio-cultural development on herbal utilization nowadays.