Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Proof of concept for the inhibition of foot-and-mouth disease virus replication by the anti-viral drug 2′-C-methylcytidine in severe combined immunodeficient mice.

Abstract

Recent European contingency plans envisage emergency vaccination as an animal-friendly control strategy for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). Anti-viral drugs may be used as an alternative or complementary measure. We here demonstrate that the nucleoside analogue 2′-C-methylcytidine (2′CMC) protects severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice against lethal FMD virus infection. In brief, SCID mice were inoculated with serotype A FMD virus and treated for five consecutive days with 2′CMC. All 15 treated mice remained healthy until the end of the study at 14 days post-infection (dpi). At that time, viral RNA was no longer detected in 13 of 15 treated mice. All eight untreated mice suffered from an acute generalized disease and were euthanized for ethical reasons on average at 4 dpi. These results illustrate the potential of small molecules to control FMD.