Detection of Fusarium langsethiae on wheat in Belgium.
In 2010, the populations of Fusarium sp. and Microdochium sp. were monitored in Belgium and 16 strains were identified as Fusarium langsethiae on wheat in Belgium. The other species identified from the sampling were F. poae, F. tritinctum, F. graminearum, F. avenaceum and Microdochium nivale. The pathogenicity potential of the F. langsethiae strains was assessed via an in vitro coleoptile growth rate test on wheat seedlings and compared with strains of F. poae, F. tritinctum, F. graminearum and F. avenaceum known to cause Fusarium head blight. The results showed the ability of F. langsethiae to cause retardation in the wheat coleoptile growth rate, but at a lower rate than F. graminearum, F. avenaceum, F. poae and F. tricinctum. A test for mycotoxin production in vitro showed the ability of the four strains tested to produce T-2 and HT-2 toxins at a rate of up to 290 mg kg-1. This is the first report on the potential pathogenicity of F. langsethiae on wheat in Belgium, a species known to produce T-2 and HT-2 toxins, which are highly toxic for humans and animals.