New host plant for virus vector nematode Xiphinema italiae Meyl, 1953 (Nematoda: Longidoridae) in Romania.
Except direct damage to root system, Xiphinema italiae Meyl, 1953 has been reported to be a vector of Grapevine fanleaf virus (GFLV) (Cohn et al., 1958). Soil samples were collected at a depth of 20-40 cm from orchards and vineyards. Xiphinema italiae was identified in rhisosphere of peach orchard. A polymerase chain reaction protocol and the morphological and morphometrical characters has been used for the reliable identification of X. italiae. Morphometrics and illustrations of females are provided. Prunus persica L. is a new host plant for Xiphinema italiae for Romania.