Report primary of Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium solani agents of Dianthus caryophyllus wilting in Markazi province in Iran.
Wilt disease and root and crown rot important diseases of carnation in carnation greenhouses in Markazi province of Iran. In this study, was reported major cause of the disease, Fusarium species. Fusarium species associated with different parts of growing carnations isolated in 2010 - 2012 years in Markazi province. 68 isolates of Fusarium species Identification were based on colony morphology and conidial and perithecial characteristics, F. oxysporum, F. proliferatum, F. solani, F. equiseti. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a wilt disease caused by F. proliferatum and F. solani on carnation in Iran. Populations of species was Respectively 25 and 17.64 percent. Experimental results demonstrate that the virulence species F. proliferatum is more than F. solani.