Inhibitory effects of some invasive alien species leaf extracts against tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) bacterial wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum).
The inhibitory activity of selected invasive alien species leaf extracts against tomato bacterial wilt was studied in vitro and greenhouse. In vitro inhibitory activity was undertaken in a disc diffusion sensitivity test. Furthermore, aqueous extracts of Eichhorina crassipes, Mimosa diplotricha and Lantana camara and methanolic extract of Prosopis juliflora which showed better inhibitory effect in vitro were evaluated against R. solanacearum in greenhouse on tomato. The plant extracts were applied and evaluated at three different times of application (at the time of inoculation; two days before pathogen inoculation; and two days after pathogen inoculation). The result showed that most of the treatment combinations significantly reduce disease incidence and area under disease progress curve and increase biomass of tomato plants, but the effectiveness of tested plant species depends on the type of plant species and application time. The application of plant extracts at the time of pathogen inoculation resulted in highest reduction of disease development on tomato plants. Aqueous extract of E. crassipes was found to be the most effective plant extract in disease suppression and increase above-ground biomass compared to inoculated control. The study revealed that the tested plant species have a potential of inhibiting the development of bacterial wilt on tomato.