Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Parameter estimation for reaction-diffusion models of biological invasions.

Abstract

In this note, we discuss parameter estimation for population models based on partial differential equations (PDEs). Parametric estimation is first considered in the perspective of inverse problems (i.e., when the observation of the solution of a PDE is exactly observed or noise-free). Then, adopting the point of view of statistics, we turn to parametric estimation for PDEs using more realistic noisy measurements. The approach that we describe uses mechanistic-statistical models which combine (1) a PDE-based submodel describing the dynamic under study and (2) a stochastic submodel describing the observation process. This Note is expected to contribute to bridge the gap between modelers using PDEs and population ecologists collecting and analyzing spatio-temporal data.