A comparative and phylogenetic study of the Ditylenchus dipsaci, Ditylenchus destructor and Ditylenchus gigas populations occurring in Poland.
The genus Ditylenchus contains more than 80 recognized nematode species with a very wide host range. The most serious species are Ditylenchus dipsaci and Ditylenchus destructor. Populations of D. dipsaci species complex were collected from Allium cepa, Cichorium endivia and Phlox paniculata in Poland. The Ditylenchus gigas population was collected from Vicia faba minor, and populations of D. destructor, from Solanum tuberosum spp. tuberosum. Analyses of the rDNA sequences spanning both ITS1 and ITS2 fragment regions were carried out on the collected populations. The obtained DNA sequences were compared with those DNA sequences deposited in GenBank of populations isolated in other countries. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using the data obtained from the DNA sequence comparisons. The results indicated that there is no clear distinction between European and non-European populations within D. dipsaci. The results also showed no clear distinction between populations isolated from different host plant species, including populations found in Poland. The populations of D. destructor described here constitute a common group together with American and Chinese populations belonging to the haplotype C of the D. destructor species. On the other hand, the D. gigas population was localized separately from those populations that have been described up until now, from Europe and Africa. This is also the first report on the occurrence of D. gigas in Poland.