First report of Fusarium temperatum causing seedling blight and stalk rot on maize in Spain.
In Europe, several diseases of maize including seedling blight and stalk rot are caused by different Fusarium species, mainly Fusarium graminearum, F. verticillioides, F. subglutinans and F. proliferatum. From October 2011 to October 2012, surveys were conducted in a maize plantation located in Galicia (northwest Spain). In each sampling, 100 kernels and 10 maize stalks were collected from plants exhibiting symptoms of ear and stalk rot. Based on morphological characteristics, DNA sequence analysis and pathogenicity tests, the pathogen was identified as F. temperatum. This is thought to be the first report of F. temperatum causing seedling blight and stalk rot on maize in Spain.