Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Impact of climate change on forests of Eastern Himalayas and adaptation strategies for combating it.

Abstract

The Eastern Himalayas (EH) contains a variety of flora and fauna. The forests of India, Nepal and Bhutan the three major countries of Eastern Himalayas are directly or indirectly affected by climate change. Projected climate change will adversely affect the forests and increase invasion of pests, invasive plants and cause change in forest types. These counties have so far mainly focused on mitigation strategies but now the need to explore and promote adaptation has been realized. This leads to the formulation of adaptation strategies recently. The review of these strategies has shown that the adaptation options adopted by these countries are not enough for combating climate change and for effective management of forests other adaptation strategies have to be adopted which covers areas that already adopted strategies are lacking. Adaptation options like controlling forest fires, the creation of protected and corridors would be effective in conserving the forests of these countries. There are many barriers for the adoption of adaptation strategies and there in need to overcome them for the proper implementation of adaptation options.