Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The first record of Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker an invasive species from Manipur.

Abstract

Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker (Acanthaceae) is found naturalized in the hilly districts of Manipur and it is the first ever report for the state flora. This species is also believed that it might be ornamentally introduced, because of its showy variegated leaves but has now become naturalized species displacing native plant communities of the hilly districts and also can become a potent invader in the valley districts. Success may be attributed to their long distance dispersal by humans and mode of reproduction both by vegetative and seed means. Habit, taxonomic description, origin and mode of reproduction were described. Phyto-sociological parameters for the plant were studied. The IVI value is found to be highest Hypoestes phyllostachya (53.986) and minimum in Lantana camara L. (8.447). Co-dominating species are Mikania cordata (28.400) and Eupatorium odoratum (27.550). Adequate preventive measures should be taken at the earliest so as to control the further spread of this species.