Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Functional response of Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on untreated and Beauveria bassiana - treated adults of Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae).

Abstract

The functional response of the predatory mite, Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot was examined on either non-inoculated or inoculated adults of the spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch by Beauveria bassiana DEBI008 with four time intervals; 0, 24, 48 and 72-h treatments, at 25±1°C, 60-70% RH and a photoperiod of 16:8 h (L: D). Results indicated that functional responses of P. persimilis on both untreated and B. bassiana treated adults of T. urticae are type II. Data analysis showed that handling time of predator was increased on treated T. urticae with the increase of the time after spray in comparison with that of untreated adults of T. urticae (3.5143, 3.8152, 4.0735, 7.6829 and 11.7789 h.), respectively. Differences among treatments for handling time were significant. Attack rates were close to each others and there was no significant difference in attack rates of different time interval treatments. With the increase of the time after spray adults of the spider mite, T. urticae by B. bassiana caused intensive increasing in handling time of P. persimilis and accordingly it caused intensive decreasing in feeding rate of predator.