Main trends of the pests management in agroecosystems of grapevine plantations.
Viticulture represents an important part of agriculture in Romania, both from the economic and social point of view. The total area under vines is about 189.7 thousands ha, being an intensive culture, the area of grapevine has 2% of the agricultural area and income from viticulture is 10% from the value of the agriculture production. It is analyzes the situation of the main pests from grapevine plantations of Romania in the light of problems related to the emergence of new or modifications of the importance of harmful pests. European regulations are the main pest management of vine plantations, as well as national regulations it is analysed. Given the increasing use of pesticides is emphasized as a comparison of European and national legislation on the approval of pesticides used in plantations of vines, is also comparing the European and national legislation on the marketing and use of pesticides in plantations vines. The impact of exotic pests varies considerably depending on the species and the area being invaded. Some species are able to rapidly colonize an area and become serious pests, often because they are no longer under control of predators or diseases that limited their numbers in their native habitat. Species that rapidly colonize an area are often called exotic invasive pests. Once established, invasive species are extremely difficult to eradicate and can cause not only ecological disruption, but economic problems as well. Everyone has a part to play to keep exotic and invasive species from coming into Romania and spreading throughout the state. All known grapevine pests, in Romania, include about more than 20 pests and one xylem bacteria transmitted by insects.