Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Therapeutic activities of Ocimum tenuiflorum accounted in last decade: a review.

Abstract

Ocimum tenuiflorum is broadly distributed in Asia and occurred almost in all the seasons. Ocimum tenuiflorum synonym: Ocimum sanctum (English: Holy Basil) belongs to family Lamiaceae; Labiatae. The essential oil of fresh leaves from Ocimum tenuiflorum is found to contain Eugenol, β-caryophyllene, β-elemene and germacrene D as major phytochemical constituents. Recently, the extract of the Ocimum tenuiflorum has been established as potent in radioprotective activity. The review accounts for anthelmintic, antiaflatoxigenic, antibacterial, anticancer, antidepressant, antidiabetic, antifungal/anticandidal, antimetastatic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiprotozoal, antistress, antiviral, anxiety, cardio protective, chemoprotective, cognition improvement, hepatosupression, hyperlipidemia, immunomodulatory, noise stress release, renal damage recovery and wound healing activities.