Role of Latvian zoo collections on native biodiversity preservation.
Both Zoo collections - global and Latvian - level was seen as extensive information centers where citizens can learn a lot about their surrounding biodiversity and the need for its protection. Zoo collections for Europe are taken to define all the institutions that keep live wild animals there and who are exhibited to the public 7 days of the year. Such collections should play on public environmental awareness, based on biodiversity conservation on national level. Proximity to the great experience of nature conservation projects, to be beginner and leader in the formal and informal education zoo collection teaching activities should be aimed at the promotion of environmental protection, as well as the social and cultural aspects, as well as on population behavior and attitudes. In the Latvian region is about for 90 animal collections, only 20 of them are registered in Nature Conservation Department as wildlife collections. Latvian territory they deployed unevenly. Mainly collection are in natural parks (which consists of introduced species collections as bison, wild horses), farms, with livestock breeds or individual collections, or collections in major cities, Riga, Daugavpils, where it is stored in the local protected species. Most of around (84%) of the animal collections is non-native protected species. Most of the animal collection: Riga National Zoo in a small proportion (9%) of all animal species, occupying the threatened species, Latgale Zoo around 3% of all animal species. A small proportion 3% of the described collections, are projects with local significance of animal species. Latvian zoo collections and the consequent implementation of the project native biodiversity conservation need to promote public participation in environmental protection and management. Messages must be involved in the collection planning, exhibition design, conservation projects and the preparation work with the public. Animal collections should seek to promote local interest in endangered species.