Experimental poisoning by Indigofera suffruticosa in goats and sheep.
Indigofera suffruticosa is a weed, which causes hemolytic anemia and hemoglobinuriain cattle and, experimentally, anemia without hemoglobinuria in guinea pigs. With the objective to determinate the toxicity of I. suffruticosa to sheep and goats aerial parts of the plant were administrated to six goats and four sheep at daily doses of 10, 20 and 40g of fresh plant per kg body weight, during two to 24 days. Blood samples were collected daily for the determination of packed cell volume, hemoglobin concentrations, and red blood cells count. Urine was also collected daily for urine examination and observation of color changes. Osmotic fragility and blood concentrations of hemoglobin and methemoglobin were determined in one goat and one sheep. Anemia due to extravascular hemolysis, without hemoglobinuria, was observed in the experimental sheep and goats. Heinz bodies were observed in brilliant cresyl blue stained blood smears. There was total or partial recovery of the anemia in spite of the continued plant administration. Eight to 12 hours after collection a bluish pigment was observed in the urine. It is suggested that aniline is thetoxic compound of I. suffruticosa responsible for the hemolysis.