First record of Aphis craccivora Koch 1854 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on weed in Santa Maria, RS State.
Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is an aphid pest which occurs in different crops and causes damages related to habit of sucking sap. In Brazil information about host weed species are rare, particulary in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) State. Weeds infested by aphids were found at an experimental area located at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, in two different dates, February 22nd and March 25th 2010. In the second record (March 25th), each weed plant was measured and evaluated on the number of aphids. The aphid species was identified as Aphis craccivora and the host weed as Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, 1753 (Amaranthaceae), and Solanum americanum Mill, 1768 (Solanaceae). This is the first report of both A. hybridus and S. americanum hosting A. craccivora in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State.