Food composition and feeding rate of the lake Baikal invader Gmelinoides fasciatus (Stebbing, 1899) in Lake Ladoga.
The feeding of the Baikal invader Gmelinoiudes fasciatus (Stebbing, 1899) in Lake Ladoga has been studied based on field and experimental data. The food spectrum of this amphipod was revealed; it includes many plant and animal species. Differences in the feeding of G. fasciatus living in different littoral biotopes were shown. The ecological and physiological rations of this species were determined. The effect that the bottom substrate has on the feeding rate of the amphipod was estimated. The introduction of G. fasciatus into Lake Ladoga provided a more adequate utilization of the energy accumulated by the primary producers and its transfer to higher trophic levels. This Baikal amphipod occupied a niche that had been, in effect, vacant. This made the invader capable of maintaining the quantitative parameters of its population at a very high level, and it largely reorganized the flow of matter and energy in the littoral zone of the lake.