First report of Squash leaf curl china virus causing mosaic symptoms on summer squash (Cucurbita pepo) grown in Varanasi district of India.
Severe incidence of a mosaic disease was observed on summer squash (Cucurbita pepo), commonly called pepo, grown in Varanasi during June-September of Khariff season 2007. Symptoms observed were mosaic, puckering on the leaves, wartiness on fruits, general stunting of plants and low yield. PCR amplification with degenerate primers designed to target the conserved sequences of coat protein gene of whitefly transmitted geminiviruses showed ∼800 bp fragment in all symptomatic samples tested, indicating the association of a geminivirus with the disease. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the amplified fragment showed 99% identity with pumpkin isolate of squash leaf curl china virus (SLCCNV) from Lucknow. It showed 85-96.7% homology with other isolates of SLCCNV from India and abroad. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the isolate on pepo from Varanasi clustered with SLCCNV isolates on pumpkin from Lucknow and Coimbatore.