Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Sex pheromone of the red clover casebearer moth, Coleophora deauratella, an invasive pest of clover in Canada.

Abstract

The red clover casebearer, Coleophora deauratella Lienig & Zeller (Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae), is an invasive pest of Trifolium species (Fabaceae) in Canada. We identified candidate sex pheromone components from female pheromone gland extracts using coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic analysis detection. Three compounds elicited an electrophysiological response from antennae and were identified as: (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate, (Z)-5-dodecenyl acetate, and (Z)-7-dodecen-1-ol. Field tests of the candidate pheromone components revealed that males were attracted to a binary mixture of (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate and (Z)-5-dodecenyl acetate. Male moth trap capture was greatest in traps baited with lures containing 100:10 or 100:20 ratios of these pheromone components, respectively. Trap capture was reduced when (Z)-5-dodecenyl acetate was present below 10 or above 20% of (Z)-7-dodecenyl acetate. Equal numbers of male moths were captured in traps baited with 10, 100, and 1000 µg of the attractive binary mixture. These findings allow for the development of a pheromone-based monitoring system for this invasive pest of clover in Canada.