Seed treatment and foliar application of insecticides and fungicides for management of cercospora leaf spots and yellow mosaic of mungbean (Vigna radiata).
Field experiments were conducted during the rainy seasons of 2006 and 2007 at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi for the management of yellow mosaic (Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus) and cercospora leaf spots (Cercospora canescens and Pseudocercospora cruenta) of mungbean. Insecticides and fungicides as seed dressings, with or without foliar sprays, were evaluated. Amongst the treatments, a combination of seed treatment with thiamethoxam (CruiserTM) at 4 g kg-1 and carbendazim (BavistinTM)+TMTD (ThiramTM) at 2.5 g kg-1 (1:1 ratio) followed by foliar applications of thiamethoxam (ActaraTM) 0.02% and carbendazim 0.05% at 21 and 35 d, respectively after sowing produced the highest seedling establishment, shoot and root lengths, number of pods, plant biomass, 1000-seed weight, and grain yield in mungbean with the lowest intensity of cercospora leaf spots and mungbean yellow mosaic. Vector (whitefly) populations were also the lowest in this treatment during all stages of the crop. This treatment was cost-effective, as it provided the highest return per Rupee of input. It was second best for the number of Rhizobium root nodules per plant.